I created this site to be fully accessible for people with disabilities; please follow this link to change text size, color, or contrast ; please follow this link for other accessibility functions for those with visual, mobility, and other disabilities The following excerpt is from chapter 17 in Ethics in Psychotherapy and Counseling: John Wiley, the book's publisher, holds the copyright to this material and questions about reprinting it or other uses involving copyright should be addressed to the publisher. Competing values, conflicting regulations, scarce resources, misinformation, deadlines, fear of making a catastrophic mistake, and a stampede of other pressures and complications can make it hard to think clearly, carefully, and creatively.
For counseling psychology professionals, fully understanding the importance of ethics and values is one of the most crucial aspects of a counseling practice. Rarely do straightforward ethical dilemmas arise with simple answers. Identify the Problem Because ethical issues are not always easy to identify, it is important to utilize your clinical supervision.
Be sure to take sufficient time to thoroughly explore and identify the problem. Go to your supervisor as soon as you have a concern because time is of the essence. Additional insight will expand your understanding and help you see the situation as clearly as possible.
This will also allow you to separate out your own subjectivity and values that may be influencing the situation. Working with a supervisor is critical to understanding the dimensions and policies that may apply.
Finding a standard that applies to your situation can give you a more definitive course of action.
Consult a trusted colleague or supervisor for advice on how to interpret and apply your findings. Be Clear About the Dimensions of the Issue Be sure you have considered the issue from all perspectives. Find current professional literature, talk with your supervisor, and consult organizations to see how the issue has been handled in recent situations; and do so in a timely fashion.
Discuss your problem with trusted, professional colleagues, but be sure to maintain confidentiality and limit the details you share. Consider Potential Consequences of All Options and Decide on a Course of Action Carefully evaluate each option and potential consequences of your actions.
Consider all parties involved, even if theirs is only a peripheral role in the situation. Be sure you discuss each step with your supervisor and listen to their advice! The ACA recommends using three tests to see if your selection is appropriate: Justice — Does the solution fit your own sense of fairness?
Publicity — Would you want your actions reported in the press? Universality — Would you suggest the same course of action to a fellow counselor in a similar situation? Psychology professionals have a responsibility to act and report in certain ways.
Implement Your Course of Action With the help of your supervisor, take action according to your plan. As with any difficult activity that requires skill and knowledge, identifying, confronting, and resolving ethical dilemmas takes consultation, confidence, and experience.
You need to be thoroughly familiar with all confidentiality and reporting regulations for your profession. Acquiring a solid foundation of education and practice-based learning, and using a network of other professionals and supervisors will help you attain that goal.ethical code (American Counseling Association [ACA], ).
This article focuses on To approach this problem using the STEPS ethical decision-making model, Ms.
Hannah began by: 1. Defining the problem both emotionally and intellectually. Emotionally, Ms. Decision-Making Model Analysis: 7-Step Decision-Making Process Decision making is defined as "the cognitive process leading to the selection of a course of action among alternatives" (Decision Making, , para.
1). THE 10 BEST ETHICAL DECISION MAKING MODELS FOR MENTAL HEALTH CLINICIANS by Sally Sutton, MA, MSSW Sally Sutton, MA, MSSW, is a Senior Policy Analyst at the Institute for Health Policy, Muskie School of Public Service, University of Southern Maine.
Ms. Consensus decision-making is a group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole. Consensus may be defined professionally as an acceptable resolution, one that can be supported, even if not the "favourite" of each individual.
The Practitioner's Guide to Ethical Decision Making. This model is published by the American Counseling Association, and it is particularly useful for professional counselors working in agencies, private practice, and other community mental health settings.
Ethical Decision Making developed by The American Counseling Association (ACA) model and extends the conceptual and contextual applications so they align with the uniqueness of counseling .