What Are the Effects of Divorce on Children?
Used with permission http: Abstract Nearly three decades of research evaluating the impact of family structure on the health and well-being of children demonstrates that children living with their married, biological parents consistently have better physical, emotional, and academic well-being.
Pediatricians and society should promote the family structure that has the best chance of producing healthy children. The best scientific literature to date suggests that, with the exception of parents faced with unresolvable marital violence, children fare better when parents work at maintaining the marriage.
Consequently, society should make every effort to support healthy marriages and to discourage married couples from divorcing. Divorce, Children, Emotional well being, Society Epidemiology The demographics of families are changing, and with that, the philosophical underpinnings of relationships are also changing.
Many young adults feel marriage is old-fashioned and confining, and that open cohabitating relationships provide a healthier option that is more conducive to personal development.
If a relationship does not provide personal happiness, parents often believe that their children will adapt to new family relationships so that divorce or separation will have few long-term, adverse consequences.
These beliefs have led to marriage occurring later, women having fewer children and doing so later in life, single mothers giving birth to many of our children, more parents cohabitating, and fewer children living with their married, biologic parents. But bythat changed so that the median age at first marriage was Inthe rate of marriage for women was The birth rate for the United States is now so low that it is below replacement rate, and 41 percent of all births in were to unmarried women.
Nearly one in five births to women in their thirties was non-marital incompared with one in seven in In84 percent of children lived with their married biologic parents, whereas byonly 60 percent did so.
Inonly 29 percent of African-American children lived with their married biologic parents, while 50 percent were living in single-mother homes. Furthermore, 58 percent of Hispanic children lived with married biologic parents, while 25 percent were living in single-mother homes.
Importantly, a recent Harvard study on single-parent families revealed that the most prominent factor preventing many children from upward mobility is living with a single parent Chetty et al. In addition, the number of couples who choose to cohabit rather than marry has increased dramatically, with 4.
Half of the unmarried births are to mothers who are in cohabitating relationships, and seven in ten children of cohabitating couples will experience parental separation. The dissolution rate of cohabitating couples is four times higher than married couples who did not cohabitate before marriage Osborne, Manning, and Stock The Centers for Disease Control stopped gathering complete data on the number of children affected by divorce inand at that time more than one million children were affected Cohen Since then, the incidence of divorce has continued to climb, and according to the American Community Survey, only The majority of divorces affect younger children since 72 percent of divorces occur during the first 14 years of marriage.
Because a high percentage of divorced adults remarry, and 40 percent of these remarriages also end in divorce, children may be subjected to multiple family realignments Cohen The precipitating causes of divorce have also changed over time.
Prior to no-fault divorce laws, the legal procedures for obtaining a divorce were often difficult and expensive, so that only the most dysfunctional marriages ended in divorce.
Children who are removed from the most dysfunctional environments are more likely to do better after the divorce. However, with the introduction of no-fault divorce laws, it is likely that the child has not experienced severe levels of parental discord, so the divorce has more adverse effects on the child.
One study seems to conclude that the majority of more recent divorces were not preceded by an extended period of marital conflict Amato and Booth as quoted in Amato Divorce and parental separation are damaging to children, families, the economy, and society as a whole, and this paper outlines these adverse effects.
Some adverse effects noted in the literature after divorce are actually diminished when controlled for their presence prior to divorce. Effects of Divorce on Children Each child and each family are obviously unique, with different strengths and weaknesses, different personalities and temperaments, and varying degrees of social, emotional, and economic resources, as well as differing family situations prior to divorce.
There is much research, however, that offers evidence to the contrary. This research demonstrates that, when a child experiences parental divorce, there are significant losses that must be acknowledged. The child may lose time with each parent 1.
Parents must adjust to their own losses as well as to their new role as a divorced parent. Thus, parents may not have as much emotional strength and time to invest in parenting, i.
Although laws are gradually changing, most children spend more time with one custodial parent and obviously have less time with each parent overall. For most children, this means much less time spent with their fathers.Effects of Divorce on Children. Parents in seperation and divorce are very concerned about the effects of divorce on children.
They wonder whether their decision will affect the happiness and health of their child. Reliable information about the effects on children is still being gathered and analyzed by sociologists and psychologists..
The divorce itself does not affect children in a negative. Paper Divorce Introduction: Divorce can be a traumatizing experience for the entire family, and the effects are especially felt by any children involved. Children in the stages of early childhood development are especially more vulnerable since it is a time of rapid change and learning.
• Health and well-being: Divorce weakens children’s health and longevity. It also increases behavioral, emotional, and psychiatric risks, including even suicide. The effect of divorce on children’s hearts, minds, and souls ranges from mild to severe, from seemingly small to .
Some children react to divorce in a natural and understanding way, while other children may struggle with the transition.
Children are resilient and with assistance the divorce transition can be experienced as an adjustment rather than a crisis. Since the children in a divorce vary (different temperaments, different ages), the effects of divorce on children vary, too.
Divorce: Its' Effects On Children. Today, divorce has become widespread due to the various issues prevailing in the society. However, sometimes, parents never stop and think how divorce could affect their children.
However, how divorce is likely to affect children is an issue that should be looked into. The impact of family structure on the health of children: Effects of divorce * Children who are removed from the most dysfunctional environments are more likely to do better after the divorce.
However, with the introduction of no-fault divorce laws, it is likely that the child has not experienced severe levels of parental discord, so the.