Ibn Khaldun statue in TunisTunisia — Sociological reasoning predates the foundation of the discipline. Social analysis has origins in the common stock of Western knowledge and philosophyand has been carried out from as far back as the time of ancient Greek philosopher Platoif not before. There is evidence of early sociology in medieval Arab writings. Some sources consider Ibn Khalduna 14th-century Arab Islamic scholar from North Africa Tunisiato have been the first sociologist and father of sociology     see Branches of the early Islamic philosophy ; his Muqaddimah was perhaps the first work to advance social-scientific reasoning on social cohesion and social conflict.
The Sociological Perspective This section of the course introduces students to the discipline of sociology, focusing on its history, the questions and scientific methods that characterize it as a field, and what distinguishes it from other social science disciplines.
Included in this definition is the ongoing evolution of sociology as a discipline that is both basic science and applied science. Important in this perspective are the elements of sociological practice and possible careers in sociology at all levels of academic preparation.
The first two units of the course introduce students to the dynamic interplay between theory and the logic of the scientific method in sociology. Learners will become aware of the core theoretical perspectives and the process of developing theory.
They will recognize that sociology is a science: The history of sociology is grounded in social and ideological changes in Western Europe and America, specifically the Enlightenment and American pragmatism. Contributions of classical sociological theorists such as Durkheim, Marx, and Weber are examined in combination with major scholars prominent in the emergence of American sociology.
For Health Science Students Introduction to Sociology Zerihun Doda, M.A. Debub University discipline plays a leading role in the social sciences. The term sociology literally means the science of society; for the term itself in its direct sense denotes that. Sociology. Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. Sociology: Understanding a Diverse Society. Fourth Edition (No Access Code Card However Instructions to Get an Access Code for a . Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World The founders of sociology in the United States wanted to make a difference. A central aim of the sociologists of the Chicago school was to use sociological knowledge to achieve social reform.
Sociological theory attempts to explain in a coherent manner the varieties of societal organization and of social behaviors. Students should understand that though it is posed at an abstract level, sociological theory is continually being refined as it is made to confront empirical reality.
Students should become familiar with the major sociological approaches --functionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interactionism, exchange theory, and feminist theory -- to the explanation of social life.
With functionalism Durkheim, Parsonsstudents should be aware of the analogy of society to an organism, the assumption of consensus that underlies social life, and ways that society organizes itself to sanction deviance so that it may return to equilibrium.
Students should also be aware of the criticisms of functionalism regarding its difficulty in dealing with social change. Conflict theory Marx, Weber introduces students to the notion that societal stability may come from stable power relations rather than from an underlying consensus.
Students should become aware of the multiplicity of conflicting interests in society as well as how changes in resources may, among other factors, lead to major social change. The difficulty of conflict theory in predicting precisely where the fissures in a given society are and when they may erupt is a recurring criticism.
An inductive, qualitative approach to the understanding of individual and group interaction in a variety of contexts is the common orientation of symbolic interactionists.
Exchange theory Blau, Homans, Coleman brings issues of rational choice to the fore. Students should understand the ways in which relationships of trust and power may develop as people pursue their self-interest. The degree to which exchange theory is relevant largely to interactions among individuals rather than groups and is contextually based in the larger culture should be understood.
Feminist theory Gilman, Rossi, Millett focuses on the ways that gender systems structure our daily interactions as well as larger systems of power in society. Many feminist theorists focus not only on how patriarchal societies are set up in ways that disadvantage women but on how the effects of patriarchy articulate with other systems of domination, such as class- and race-based domination.
From theories of sexual politics to sociobiology to economic and materialist approaches, feminist theory provides a variety of perspectives on relations of power in society. Feminist theories differ radically in how they incorporate other approaches to the study of social life.
Research Methods Learners will connect the use and construction of theory with the application of diverse research methods to answer sociological questions. Over the years, philosophers, religious leaders, journalists, and many others have speculated about human society. Students will learn how sociology differs from these other enterprises because sociology applies relevant theories and scientific methods to the study of society.
The methods are not pre-determined; they depend upon the question being asked. Sometimes the endeavor is exploratory; sometimes it is to test a specific theoretical proposition; it is always systematic.
Students will learn how the theory-method process develops and uses a strategy that requires stating a clear question or hypothesis, developing data to address the question or test the hypothesis, and then judging whether the question is answered or the hypothesis is supported.Introduction to the history of Asian Americans in the United States from the s to the present.
Students review the historical forces affecting immigration of the following communities: Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Korean, South Asian, Southeast Asian and Pacific Islander.
Like anthropology, economics, political science, and psychology, sociology is a social science.
All these disciplines use research to try to understand various aspects of human thought and behavior. Associate in Arts Degree Liberal Arts with an Area of Emphasis in Social and Behavioral Sciences. Courses in this category emphasize the connection between human behavior and social, political, and economic institutions, and they promote an understanding of how societies and social .
The introduction leads the reader from a general subject area to a particular topic of inquiry. It establishes the scope, context, and significance of the research being conducted by summarizing current understanding and background information about the topic, stating the purpose of the work in the.
Social science, any discipline or branch of science that deals with human behaviour in its social and cultural aspects. The social sciences include cultural (or social) anthropology, sociology, social psychology, political science, and ashio-midori.com frequently included are social and economic geography and those areas of education that deal with the social contexts of learning and the.
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