The barangay as a unit of the society

Pulag, Philippines [Photo by adventureinyou.

The barangay as a unit of the society

Ancient barangay When the first Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in the 16th century, they found well-organized independent villages called barangays. The name barangay originated from balangaya Malay word meaning "sailboat".

Monterey County Historical Society, Local History Pages--A Short History of Salinas, California

By the time of contact with Spaniards, many barangays have developed into large communities. The encomienda of shows that many affluent and powerful coastal barangays in Sulu, Butuan, Panay, [4] Leyte and Cebu, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Pasig, Laguna, and Cagayan River were flourishing trading centers.

Some of these barangays had large populations. In Panay, some barangays had 20, inhabitants; in Leyte Baybay15, inhabitants; in Cebu, 3, residents; in Vitis Pampanga7, inhabitants; Pangasinan, 4, residents.

There were smaller barangays with fewer number of people. But these were generally inland communities; or if they were coastal, they were not located in areas which were good for business pursuits.

According to Legazpihe founded communities with only twenty to thirty people. Most of the ancient barangays were coastal or riverine in nature.

To the United Nations Human Rights Council

This is because most of the people were relying on fishing for their supply of protein and for their livelihood. They also traveled mostly by water up and down rivers, and along the coasts.

Trails always followed river systems, which were also a major source of water for bathing, washing, and drinking. The coastal barangays were more accessible to trade with foreigners.

These were ideal places for economic activity to develop. Business with traders from other countries also meant contact with other cultures and civilizations, such as those of JapanHan ChineseIndian peopleand Arab people.

This position was inherited from the first datu s, and came to be known as such during the Spanish regime.

The Spanish Monarch ruled each barangay through the Cabeza, who also collected taxes called tribute from the residents for the Spanish Crown. When the Americans arrived, "slight changes in the structure of local government was effected".

The Municipal Council was abolished upon transfer of powers to the barangay system. Marcos used to call the barangay part of Philippine participatory democracy, and most of his writings involving the New Society praised the role of baranganic democracy in nation-building.

The first barangay elections held under the new constitution was held on March 28,under Republic Act number TREND MAKER. Mindanao Gold Star Daily was established in to set ablaze a new meaning & flame to the local newspaper business.

Throughout the years it continued its focus and interest in. Marawi folk may rebuild their homes 2 years from now. Marcos used to call the barangay part of Philippine participatory democracy, and most of his writings involving the New Society praised the role of baranganic democracy in nation-building.

[12] After the EDSA Revolution and the drafting of the Constitution, the Municipal Council was restored, making the barangay the smallest unit of Philippine government. As barangay officials, it would be best to understand the history of this unique political unit so as to better recognize its indispensability to effective local and national governance.

The barangay as a unit of the society

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